Managing a project, your goal is to deliver it successfully: on time, within the budget, while maintaining high client and team satisfaction rates. What happens when your company is able to work on several projects at the same time? On a single project level, the goal remains the same, but on a higher level, you want to be confident that your team is working on the right projects at the right time and within the right project teams. It seems like a complex thing to achieve, but fortunately, Project portfolio management (PPM) is here to help.

Thank to this article our reader gets:

What is project portfolio management, and what are its primary benefits?

Project portfolio management can be described as centralized management and business strategy for your company’s project portfolio. A portfolio is a collection of grouped-together projects that don’t have to be related to one another. Importantly, a portfolio of projects is designed to serve a strategic business objective and bring your company some form of value.

Of course, said business value would be one of the major benefits of project portfolio management. Apart from that, this strategy is also an excellent measure to manage the risk that’s connected to delivering multiple projects. If you follow the steps outlined below, you will have a chance to carefully scrutinize your company’s potential projects even before you commit to delivering them. As a result, your estimates are likely to be more accurate, and possible challenges will be taken into account upfront.

Adopting the PPM approach also results in the company’s managers getting a clearer big picture of projects and how they perform. On top of that, this strategy champions collaboration between different project teams instead of competition.

Project portfolio management process and steps

These are the stages you need to consider when you want to adopt project portfolio management at your company.

1. Work out your organization’s strategic objectives

PPM process starts with exhibited business strategy or strategic objectives. Strategic objectives are your guiding lights during the process of selecting projects for your company’s portfolio. It’s essential that you know what they are. Your business objectives may be related to increasing revenue, maintaining profitability, or diversifying revenue streams. On the other hand, however, there might be a very different objective that your company is set to achieve. Don’t think that you have to come up with a sole all-encapsulating objective—it’s perfectly fine to list a couple of them.

2. Identify potential projects and analyze them

Before you start narrowing down projects that could end up in your company’s portfolio, you need to know how big your project pool is. Gather all project requests, find out what kind of sales opportunities are there, and list all of the potential projects. Now, take a closer look at each and every one of them. You need to know what kind of resources (human or otherwise) they require, what’s their timeline, what are the risks and potential challenges etc.) Evaluate the possible profit from these projects.

When you have a very good understanding of potential projects that could be a part of your team’s portfolio, you need to perform an alignment analysis: check if these projects are in line with your overall strategy.

Try to judge the projects on your list in terms of your company’s business objectives: are they supporting these goals or perhaps putting them at risk? What are the chances that your team will be able to complete a given project and produce the desired business value? Portfolio managers need to pick projects that work well together in terms of achieving business objectives but also in terms of the team workload and resource allocation. Know which projects match your criteria? It’s time to do more planning before you launch them!

3. Prioritize the organization’s selected projects

At this point, you should have a list of projects that may as well become a part of your company’s entire portfolio. It’s a good moment to prioritize them and, if necessary, introduce some changes. The good news is that you have found the right projects for your company. The challenge is that you may need to adjust their timelines or budgets in order to be able to launch these projects together.

Think about resource management as well: decide which team members should be involved in each project and for how long. As a project portfolio manager, you will likely need to collaborate with resources or project managers at this stage. Take some time to analyze the schedules of your new projects – perhaps you will need to move a few things around in order to avoid scheduling conflicts.

Now that you know which projects go into your portfolio and how they’re going to be delivered time or resources-wise, you can plan their kick-off. What happens after the project teams start working on their respective projects?

4. Manage projects

Launching your portfolio projects is not the end of the project portfolio management process. Sure, the focus is now on project management, but as project managers make some progress with their projects, it’s good to look at the project portfolio from a higher level – head to the next section to learn how you can monitor your projects.

This is also a good moment to reiterate the fact that all conflicts (resources-based or otherwise) and change requests should be resolved with the portfolio and its strategic goals in mind.

5. Monitor in-progress projects and report their improvement

Project managers should regularly monitor their project’s KPIs and keep track of their team members’ workload/timesheets, that goes without saying. But project reporting is also an essential part of project portfolio management simply because it allows you to determine whether a given project is going as planned and whether the projected value will be achieved.

What should you measure when it comes to your project portfolio?

Do you need project portfolio management software?

You’re likely to come across several apps that pride themselves on their project portfolio management features. These features usually include:

While all of these are extremely convenient in effective project portfolio management, you can probably see that similar options can be found in project management apps you likely already use. It’s possible to manage your project portfolio with tools that are not dedicated to PPM per se. Make sure you’re able to:

We hope that this guide to project portfolio management helped you to better understand this strategy and made it easier to adopt it at your organization. If you have any questions about effective project and resource management, ping us via chat: we’re happy to give you some tips and walk you through our product.


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